Where do I start grading?

You can choose where you want to start grading! Some options are from the left navigation bar, the course Gradebook, and the Activity Stream.

Black horizontal navigation bar on the left-hand side of your browser.

Want to see how many tests are ready to grade in all your courses? In the list where your name appears, you have immediate access to all your courses' grading tasks on the global Grades page. All your grading tasks are organized by course. You can quickly scan your progress, set priorities across the board, and even begin grading. No need to navigate to each course to see what's ready for grading.

The page only displays information if you need to take action. You see tests that are ready to grade or which tests are overdue for how many students.

Want to narrow your focus? In a course, you can access the course gradebook on the navigation bar. You can see who has made submissions and start grading.

Gradebook tab from the top navigation menu from each particular course.

From the activity stream, you're alerted when student submissions are ready for grading. Select the link to go to the gradebook. Or, select a test on the Course Content page to see how many students have made submissions.

A submitted test is ready for grading in the activity stream.

Start grading from a test

When you access a test, the Content and Settings page displays the questions and settings, such as the due date and maximum score. Select the Test Settings icon to make changes. For example, you can change the grading schema at any time and the change will show to students and in your gradebook.

Group tests are graded the same as group assignments.

View of test content and test setting. You can also see how many students have submitted the test, or start a conversation.

Keep up with the conversation. If you allowed conversations about this test, select the Open class conversation icon. Students can discuss the test with you and their classmates while the test is available. Students can contribute to the conversation before, during, and after the test. As the conversation develops, it appears only with the relevant test.

A purple circle appears with the icon to indicate new activity.

More on conversations

Check how many need grading. Select the Submissions link to see how many students have completed the test.

Refine questions. You may need to make corrections to questions after students have opened a test or group test. For example, you may have chosen the wrong answer, found a typo, or want to adjust points or scoring options. You can make a change for all students to see and automatically update all grades.

More on editing questions

Test submissions list page

The submissions list page displays all enrolled students. You can search for a student or a group and select how many items to display on the page. The system remembers your selection, so if you leave and come back, the setting is retained in the next session. You can select which page to view at the bottom of the screen.

Use the Filter menu to display only those submissions that need grading. At this time, you can filter by All statuses and Needs grading. The Filter menu doesn't appear for group and discussion items.

If you chose to enable anonymous grading on a test, a message appears stating anonymous grading is in progress. The submissions list only includes a list of those students who've made a submission. All student information is hidden and student pictures are replaced with the general silhouette. Students who’ve submitted are assigned “Anonymous Student” and a number, such as Anonymous Student 244260. The submissions are in a random order—not ordered by submission date.

More on anonymous grading

This is how a test submissions page looks like.

Keep track of all submissions on one page. Quickly see which attempts are ready to grade. Student profile pictures appear with a red circle when they have late submissions or the due date has passed with no attempt submitted.

Access the details. Review the instructions and settings at any time. For example, select the Content and Settings link to return to the test page.

View students with accommodations. You can set accommodations for individual students and exempt them from requirements, such as assessment due dates and time limits. Use accommodations to help students progress in the course even though they may have difficulty with some requirements. In the gradebook and roster, icons appear next to the names of students with accommodations.

More on accommodations

Review the conversation. Select the Open class conversation icon to see what students are saying.

Start grading. Select student names to access their individual submissions, and assign grades and provide feedback. Type a numeric value of no more than five digits. You can include two additional digits after a decimal point. You can also assign grades directly on this page. These grades are override grades. An override label appears next to the grade. After you assign a value, click anywhere outside the grade area to save.

More on override grades

Ready to post grades? Post appears next to each grade that you haven't released yet. You can choose which grades to post and when. Posted grades appear with a Posted message in the column. You can also grade all submissions for an item in succession and then select Post all grades to release all grades in one action.

When you post grades, students can view them and any feedback you provided. All feedback for all attempts, even ungraded attempts, shows to students.

If you chose not to show correct answers for automatically scored questions, return to the assessment settings panel and select the Show correct answers check box.

More on showing correct answers

From a student's submission page, access the menu next to the grade pill to add an exception for the test. An exception includes additional attempts or extended access, even if the test is hidden from other students. You can also add exceptions after you post grades.

More on assessment exceptions

Assessment exception with a complete sign for a particular student.

View submission timestamps

When you start or review grading, you can point to a submission timestamp to view more information. Timestamps appear on students' submission pages and on their attempts panels when you've allowed multiple attempts for an assessment.

For example, on a student's submission page, you can view when the student made the submission and when you posted the grade. The timestamp appears in red with a "late" label after the due date passes.

Submission timestamp appears when pointer is over the submission icon.

For multiple attempts, on the Submissions list page, select a student's name to open the attempts panel. Point to a timestamp to view the additional information.

Submission timestamp appears when pointer is over the student's attempt number.

Give feedback on submission attempts

Open an attempt. On the Submission page, select the feedback icon to open the feedback panel. The panel remains in place as you scroll through the assignment and add overall feedback and a grade.

When you post grades, students can view them and any feedback you provided. All feedback for all attempts, even ungraded attempts, shows to students.

The Student's submission page is open with 1) an highlighted selected attempt, 2) the a highlighted "Feedback" icon, and 3) the feedback for a particular student panel displayed.

Insert a feedback recording in the editor

Open an attempt. On the Submission page, select the feedback icon to open the feedback panel. You can embed an audio or video recording of your feedback in the editor as you grade attempts. The recording option appears in the feedback editor for most graded items in your course. Students watch or listen to your feedback alongside any text you include.

This feature isn't supported on all browsers. For the best experience, use Chrome or Firefox.

In the feedback panel, the expanded purple plus sign lets you insert feedback, and the  "Insert/Edit Recording" option is highlighted.

More on adding audio/video feedback

Move through student test submissions

Access student submissions from the test submissions list page.

The leftward arrow or rightward arrow allows you to move along the students list on the same submitted test. You can also see how many tests are graded or add feedback to a particular test.

Review student work. Student answers appear for each question. Students can also add comments and files to the end of their tests. You can't change the points an individual student earned for an automatically graded question.

See a count of how many you've graded. As you grade each submission and move on to the next one, you can view your progress in the upper-right corner.

Navigate to other submissions. Use the arrows to move to another submission ready for grading.

View the rubric. If you associated a rubric with this test, select the rubric icon within the empty grade pill to view the criteria. The screen adjusts so you can view the student's submission alongside the rubric.

More on grading with rubrics

Rubric icon on a particular student's submission.

Grade, provide feedback, and post. Assign points for each question. You can use up to two decimal places. Click anywhere outside the grade pill to save. When you've finished, the total appears at the top of the test. A test's score consists of the sum total of all the questions' points.

More on grade pills

Access the menu next to the grade pill to select the options. Select the feedback icon to add a note with suggestions, encouragement, and overall feedback about the submission. Post the grade or delete the submission. You can also give the student an exception on this test. An exception includes additional attempts or extended access, even if the test is hidden from other students.

From a student's submission, you can open a question's menu and select Edit/Regrade to make changes or give full credit to everyone. These edits affect everyone's tests. You receive a warning after you save your changes if student submissions exist and regrading will occur.

More on editing and regrading a test

What do students see? After you grade tests and post the results, students can view their scores on their grades pages or in the activity stream. They can also access the test, their submissions, your feedback, and their grades from the Course Content page.

View student comments and files

Bb Annotate

You can use BB Annotate for inline grading in your courses. Bb Annotate offers a more robust feature set to provide customizable feedback to students. Features include a sidebar summary view, freehand drawing tools, various color selections, and much more.

BB Annotate grading workflow

On the Assignment Submission page, supported file types open in the browser. You can view and annotate these document types in the browser:

  • Microsoft® Word (DOC, DOCX)
  • Microsoft® PowerPoint®(PPT, PPTX)
  • Microsoft® Excel®(XLS, XLSX)
  • OpenOffice® Documents (ODS, ODT, ODP)
  • Digital Images (JPEG, JPG, PNG, TIF, TIFF, TGA, BMP, HEIC)
  • Source code (Java, PY, C, CPP, etc)
  • Medical Images (DICOM, DICM, DCM)
  • PDF
  • PSD
  • RTF
  • TXT
  • WPD

Office Suite Macros, such as Visual Basic, aren't supported.

Annotation sessions expire after one hour. You'll receive a warning message before your session expires. Your completed annotations, feedback, and files are saved on the page. When you return, you can resume working.

Animated gifs display only the first frame in the pdf viewer for annotation purposes. Download the submission to view the animated gif.

Original formatting and embedded images are preserved. If a student submitted an unsupported file, you're prompted to download it. Assignment submissions created through the editor aren't compatible with inline grading.

Bb Annotate is supported on current versions of Firefox, Chrome, Edge, and Safari.

Editing menu

As part of the responsive design, the menu display changes based on the screen size. On medium and small screens, the Document View settings display the page number you're viewing. Annotation tools are stacked under the View Annotation Tools icon. On small screens, the Content Library is hidden.

Menu options from left to right

  • Sidebar: View Thumbnail, Outline, or Annotation views of the submission.
  • Pages: Use the arrows to jump to different pages in the submission.
  • Pan: Move the submission on the page.
  • Zoom and Fit: Zoom in and out of the submission or adjust the view to fit the page, fit the width, or select the best fit.
  • Annotation tools: Select each tool to view the tool properties.

    Your selection for each tool is saved between submissions.

  • Drawing, Brush, and Eraser: Draw freehand on the submission with various colors, thickness, and opacity. Select the eraser to remove annotations. You can erase parts of a freehand drawing with the eraser or select the Delete icon to delete the whole drawing.
  • Image or Stamp: Choose a preloaded stamp or create your own customized stamp or image to add to the submission.
  • Undo: Undo or revert the last thing you did.
  • Redo: Repeat the last thing you did.
  • Text: Add text directly on the submission. You can move, edit, and change the text and select the font, size, alignment, and color of the text.
  • Shapes: Choose Line, Arrow, Rectangle, Ellipse, Polygon, and Polyline. Each shape has its own settings to change the color, width, opacity, and more.
  • Comment: Provide feedback in comments. Your comments appear in a panel next to the submission.

    Students can access the annotated files but won't be able to add annotations in their submissions.

  • Print or Download: Print or download the submission with the annotations.

    A known issue with some browsers' built-in PDF viewer may not display all your annotations. Please view annotated PDFs in a native PDF viewer such as Adobe Acrobat.

  • Search: Search the submission for specific text.
  • Content Library: Create a bank of reusable comments. You can add, edit, delete, and search comments in the library. You can also add a comment directly to the submission page from the menu. Select the plus sign to add a new comment to the Content Library. You can Place comment, Copy to Clipboard, Edit, or Delete content from the library. Type keywords or phrases to search for saved comments.<

    The Content Library is only available in SaaS environments.

  • Highlighter: Select specific portions of the submission to highlight. As you highlight text on the submission, an additional menu opens. You can highlight, strikethrough, underline, squiggle, or comment on the highlighted section.

Watch a video about Annotate in Blackboard Learn

The following narrated video provides a visual and auditory representation of some of the information included on this page. For a detailed description of what is portrayed in the video, open the video on YouTube, navigate to More actions, and select Open transcript.

Video: Annotate in Blackboard Learn provides a tour of the Annotate tools available for inline grading in your Blackboard Learn courses.

Grade with SafeAssign

You can use SafeAssign on tests in the Ultra Course View. When you grade assessments with SafeAssign enabled, you can view an Originality Report to see how much of a student's submitted content overlaps with other published materials.

You can't use SafeAssign on tests in the Original Course View.

This is how SafeAssign originality report looks like.

More on grading tests using SafeAssign

Grade a test with multiple attempts

When you create a test, you can choose to let students submit more than one attempt. You can start grading a test with multiple attempts from the same places you grade an ordinary test:

  • Activity stream
  • Gradebook
  • The test

Multiple attempts change how the test's final grade is automatically calculated. Choose how you want to calculate the final grade:

  • Average of all attempts
  • First attempt with a grade
  • Attempt with highest grade
  • Last attempt with a grade
  • Attempt with lowest grade
In Test settings you can grade each attempt.

You can't allow multiple attempts on a group test or when you collect submissions offline.

The Grade attempts setting determines how the final grade is automatically calculated, but you have the option to override the grade. Each attempt is subject to the due date you set for the test. If a student submits an attempt after the due date, the attempt is marked late. Attempts submitted before the deadline are shown as on time.

You can only override the final grade, not the grades for each attempt.

More about the ramifications of overriding grades

View individual attempts

You can start grading a test with multiple attempts from the same places you grade an ordinary test:

  • Activity stream
  • Gradebook
  • The test

When you select a student's name, a panel appears that displays each attempt, along with the date it was submitted. Select an attempt to view the submission.

The feedback icon appears next to each attempt. Select the icon to open the feedback panel, which persists on the side of the screen. You can scroll through the test and add overall feedback and a grade.

Reminder: When you post grades, students can view them and any feedback you provided. All feedback for all attempts, even ungraded attempts, shows to students.

If you used a rubric or questions that are scored automatically, the grade may already exist for the attempt.

Final grades

The final grade for a multiple attempt test is calculated based on the Grade Attempts setting you chose in the Test Settings. In the panel that lists a student's attempts, the final grade appears when those attempts are graded. For example, if the final grade is calculated based on the highest graded attempt, the final grade appears immediately after at least one attempt is graded. But, the grade may change as you continue grading more attempts.

After you finish grading the attempts, you can post the final grade to the student to see.

What do students see?

Tests with multiple attempts list the number of attempts allowed, as well as how the final grade is calculated. Students view this information on the Details & Information page before they begin. When grades are posted, students can view grades for each of their attempts, as well as the final grade. If you decide to override the final grade, a message appears to let the student know.

More on how students access tests in Blackboard Learn—use your browser's back function to return to this topic

Grade a test with a time limit

When you allow students to work past the time limit for a test, you're able to view which tests exceeded the time limit. You can also view how many questions were answered after the time limit.

On a student's submission page, you can see the date and time the student submitted the test. You can also see if the time limit was exceeded. Hover over that timestamp to view how many questions were answered after the time limit. Questions answered after the time limit are designated in yellow and appear with: (Answered after time limit).

You can grade a test with a time limit.

You can manually deduct points from a student's test total for questions answered after the time limit. If you allow multiple attempts, when you manually edit the final grade for the test, you're assigning an override grade.

Override grades

You can only override the final grade, not the grades for each attempt. An override grade takes precedence over all other grade entries, including attempts a student submits after you assign an override grade. Also, if you regrade a question, that regraded score is applied to the attempt score. If you manually change the grade for the assessment in the gradebook, the regraded score doesn't change the override score.

If you go on to grade another attempt after you manually changed the final grade, the override grade still supersedes the second attempt grade you assign. You may want to deduct points after a student has made all attempts or the due date has passed.

More on overriding grades

Time limit accommodation + time limit

If students have a time limit accommodation and you allow more time to complete an assessment in the settings, the times are combined.

More about time limit accommodations

Edit points a student earns on an assessment question

You can change the points a student earns on an assessment question. The points field supports negative and positive values with up to two decimal points.

Image 1. Instructors may select the question score pill to change the points earned.

Instructors may select the question score pill to change the points earned

Image 2. When an assessment does not post grade automatically, a banner alerts the instructor that scores appear after posting.

When an assessment does not post grade automatically, a banner alerts the instructor that scores appear after posting

Image 3. Overrides must be removed so that the assessment grade reflects changes the instructor makes to the points a student earns on a question.

Overrides must be removed so that the assessment grade reflects changes the instructor makes to the points a student earns on a question

Students will receive a grade change notification if an assessment grade changes. We honor students' notification preferences. The grade on an assessment may change when:

  • an assessment posts grades automatically, but then the instructor changes the points earned on a question
  • the instructor removes an overridden grade so that changes to points earned reflect on the assessment grade

Image 4. Student notification of a posted grade in the Activity Stream

Student notification of a posted grade in the Activity Stream