Your institution controls which tools are available in the Original Course View. The gradebook is always available to instructors in the Ultra Course View.

Views of the gradebook

The gradebook is populated with students when they're enrolled in your course. You'll see all the coursework that's specific to the course you're in. You can grade coursework, manage items, and post grades.

The Gradable Items list is your default view of the course gradebook. You can view all the coursework you've assigned and your grading progress. You can also access all management functions. You can rearrange items from this view. You can switch to the Students tab to view an overall picture of each student’s engagement.

The student grid shows the scores students have earned. Student names appear in each row and columns display graded items. You can grade and manage items in the grid view.


Automatically created grade items

When you create a gradable item in your course, a gradebook item is created automatically. From the Gradable Items list, you can drag an item to a new location in the list.

If you open attendance from the Course Content page, you can add attendance to your gradebook. You can also add attendance on the main Gradebook page. Select the plus sign wherever you want the attendance row to appear in the list and select Add Attendance.

More on the attendance feature


Manually added grade items

You can add grade items that don't require submissions such as participation. These grade items are also called manual grades, manually created items, or offline items.

For manually added items, no submissions exist. You assign scores and feedback on the student list page.

Manually added items don't appear on the Course Content page. The items do appear on students' global and course grade pages.

You can't add files, rubrics, goals, or groups to manually added items. If you want to add these options to assessments without submissions, see the next section: Collect submissions offline.

In your course gradebook, you can add a new item in the Gradable Items list or student grid view.

  1. Select the plus sign wherever you want to add an item and select Add Item.
  2. In the panel, type a title. The title has a limit of 255 characters. If you don't add a title, "New Item" and the date appear in the list.
  3. Optionally, make the item visible to students.
  4. Provide the details, such as a description and a grade unit. You can choose points, percentage, or letter. If you choose points, specify the maximum number of points possible. A due date is optional.
  5. Optionally, add the new item to a category to use when you create calculations.

You can only choose a grade unit that has a grading schema associated with it. For example, you can't use Text as the grade unit until text grading schemas are available in the Ultra Course View. You can change the grade unit even after you start grading.

What do students see?

You can make a manually added item visible to students. They see the item on their global and course grades pages—with or without a grade.

Reminder: Manually added items don't appear on the Course Content page.

When you assign a grade, students are notified in their activity streams.


Collect submissions offline

Manually added items only appear in the gradebook and on students' global and course grade pages. Instead, you can create assessments that appear on the Course Content page but don't require students to upload submissions. You can add instructions, files, a rubric, and goals so students can prepare for the offline work. You can also enable conversations, but you can't add questions or grade anonymously.

Examples of offline work:

  • Oral presentations
  • Science fair projects
  • Acting performances
  • Artwork delivered in person
  • Face-to-face team building exercises, panel discussions, and debates

Instructors who teach hybrid courses may find this type of assessment most useful. For example, you can use a rubric to grade an in-class presentation as a student presents. No need to take notes or add a score later.

When you create an assessment, you can choose to collect submissions offline. Students are informed they can't submit work online. If you create groups, students can view their group members.

For submissions collected offline, you can't allow multiple attempts, allow a time limit, or use SafeAssign.

More on grading offline submissions

You can add meetings to the attendance feature for grades that require students to be present outside of class. You may ask students to attend a field trip or guest speaker and then mark them present in attendance.

More on adding a meeting

What do students see?

Students can view the assessment alongside other content on the Course Content page and on their global and course grades pages. Students are informed they can't submit work online. They can access other information, such as the instructions and a rubric if you added one. Students can participate in the assessment's conversations if enabled.

More on the student workflow


Overall grade

In the Gradable Items list or student grid view, you can set up the overall grade. The overall grade is a calculated item that you build to show students a running tally of all the items that you grade and post.

Select Set it up to create a gradebook column for the overall grade. On the page that appears, you can configure how the overall grade is calculated.

To get started, choose between Gradebook item weights or Gradebook category weights in Overall Grade Settings. The course content list changes based on your selection, and you can begin to assign grade percentage weights. If you use category weights to calculate the overall grade, you can expand a category to see the graded items included.

Create and manage gradebook categories

Type an overall grade percentage for each item or category in the gradebook to give them more weight in the student's grade. The total for all overall grade percentage fields must equal 100%.

To make items or categories exempt from the overall grade, select the Exempt icon next to the overall grade percentage field. The item or category turns gray to indicate that it's not included in the calculation. Select the icon again to include the item or category in the calculation again.

Select Save when you're finished. The Overall Grade column appears in the gradebook next to the student's names so you can quickly see how each student is performing.

Anonymously graded assessments aren't included in calculations until you turn off anonymity.

Override the overall grade

You can override a student's overall grade if their performance or participation doesn't fit the course's grade schema.

To override a grade, select the grade cell in a student's Overall Grade column. Type a new value or select an option. You can override the grade with a grade notation. An override is useful if a student can't complete the course or otherwise doesn't meet requirements for completion. Grade notations can include Incomplete, Withdrawal, and so on. You can create and manage overall grade notations in your Gradebook Settings.

If you want to remove an override, select the student's overall grade cell and select Undo Override. The student's overall grade reverts back to the calculation you set up for your course.

What do students see?

The student and instructor view of the overall grade changes as you create and grade course content you included in the overall grade calculation.

An item's visibility doesn't affect the overall grade. However, students can only see posted grades, so a student's view of the overall grade only includes grades that you've posted. An instructor's view of the overall grade includes all grades, whether or not you've posted them. In some cases, you might see a different overall grade than your students see.

More on the student view of the overall grade