此信息仅适用于原始课程视图。您的机构控制哪些工具可用。

题库是为了重复使用而存储的问题集合。

在原始课程视图中,您可以使用题库来创建测试和调查。您也可以导出和导入题库以便在其他课程的测试中使用。

题库中的问题与测试问题几乎完全相同。它们可以包含反馈、元数据以及测试问题的其他所有元素,但不包含分值。

教师通常使用题库来创建可以在多个测试中重复使用的问题数据库。例如,可持续生活课程的教师可以为教授的每个中心主题创建一个题库:饮食、住房和能源。该教师随后可以在多个测试以及其他课程中使用这些题库。


题库面板

似乎并不熟悉?跳转至 关于问题库的“Ultra”主题

题库面板上,您可以管理和搜索要添加到题库中的问题。您可以编辑题库名称和说明、创建或编辑问题以及上传问题。您也可以删除问题或更改分值。

为测试选好题库问题后,将在测试与题库问题之间创建链接。所以,如果您更改原始问题,将显示问题的修订版本。

如果创建的题库问题旨在用于不评分的调查,您必须选择正确答案。您随后可以在测试和调查中使用这些问题。将问题添加到调查中后,答案会被忽略。

您也可以使用题库来使用 QTI 标准导入和导出测试问题


构建题库

  1. 控制面板上,展开课程工具区域,然后选择测试、调查和题库
  2. 测试、调查和题库页面上,选择题库
  3. 题库页面上,选择构建题库
  4. 完成题库信息页面,并选择提交
  5. 要添加问题,您可以使用创建问题查找问题上传问题

当选择查找问题时,您可以在课程中选择现有测试,以及从其他课程中导入的任意测试。如果您没有任何测试,此部分为空。

详细了解导入测试

编辑现有题库

  1. 题库页面上,访问题库的菜单,然后选择编辑
  2. 添加问题、删除问题或更改分值。
  3. 选择确定以返回题库页面。

编辑问题

学生开始测试后,您不得对测试中部署的题库问题进行更改。如果您编辑某个题库问题,则学生在查看其成绩和反馈时会看到修改后的新问题。他们不会看到原始问题。

若对链接的问题进行更改,则将产生一条警告消息,指出更改会应用于显示在任何位置的该问题。

如果已有人尝试回答某个问题而您更改了该问题,则提交的尝试必须重新评分,可能会影响测试分数。受影响的教师和学生会收到通知。

按照以下步骤编辑题库中的问题:

  1. 题库页面上,访问题库的菜单,然后选择编辑
  2. 题库面板上,您可以筛选问题的列表。在浏览标准面板中,展开标准区域并选择特定标准。
  3. 访问问题的菜单,然后选择编辑以进行更改。
  4. 选择提交以在出现该问题的所有测试中提交更改。或者,您可以使用另存为新项目选项创建新问题,这不需要对现有尝试重新评分。

QTI Packages


About QTI packages

Instructors and course builders may rely on third-party content to build their curriculum and complement materials such as textbooks. To help ensure compatibility, publishers and other content creators develop this material using industry standards.

Industry standards ensure that learning management systems are ready and able to process this content. The IMS Global Learning Consortium established the Question and Test Interoperability (QTI) standard to support compatibility between questions and a course, regardless of the learning management system.

If your institution uses a newer release of Blackboard Learn, you can import and export QTI packages to use in your assessments.

Questions imported from a QTI package are supported in the Original Course View only.

What’s supported in a QTI package?

  • Blackboard Learn supports certain questions types in a QTI package: True/False, Multiple Choice, Multiple Answer, Fill in the Blank, and Essay.
  • If a question contains embedded media, HTML 5 and HTML object tags are imported. HTML5 is exported.
  • Question metadata such as tags, categories, and alignments aren’t supported and aren't imported or exported.
  • Questions using the optional QTI response processing are skipped and not imported.
  • When question configuration options don’t match, Blackboard Learn prioritizes fidelity of the question and answer text over settings. For example, some exam systems allow differing partial credit allocations to be set per possible answer response, whereas Blackboard Learn maintains a list of correct answers. In this case, all answer options are imported as correct so they can be reviewed for continued applicability in Blackboard Learn.

Because different assessment tools have different features and varying media, HTML, and equation handling capabilities, you should always review and test questions after transfer between solutions.


Import a QTI package

You’ll need to import QTI packages into your course as question pools. After you import the questions, you can use them in assessments.

  1. In your course, go to Course Tools > Tests, Surveys, Pools > Pools.
  2. Select Import QTI 2.1 Package.
  3. Browse your computer or the Content Collection to locate the QTI package.
  4. Select Submit.
  5. After Blackboard Learn processes the package, you’ll see a status page to show the results. Select OK to return to the Pools page.

You can edit the questions in the pool. When you're ready, use the questions in a test.

Use questions in a test

Now that you’ve imported a QTI package, you can use the questions in a test. To build a test with questions in a pool:

  1. In your course, go to Course Tools > Tests, Surveys, Pools > Tests.
  2. Select Tests > Build Test.
  3. Type a name and optional description or instructions. Select Submit.
  4. In the Reuse Questions menu, select Find Questions.
  5. You’re brought to a library of test questions in your course, including those in pools. Select the pool created from the QTI package import.
  6. Select the questions you want to use and select Submit.
  7. The questions are added to your test.

Export a QTI package

Just like they’re imported into Blackboard Learn, QTI packages are exported as question pools. You need to move questions from an assessment to a question pool to export the QTI package.

  1. You can build a pool with questions from any assessments in your course.
  2. After you build the pool, return to the Pools page.
  3. In the pool’s menu, select Export QTI 2.1 Package.
  4. The package downloads to your computer as a ZIP file.