Encourage thoughtful contributions with graded discussions.
Discussions strengthen students' ability to think critically, express their thoughts in a clear way, and communicate with others. With graded discussions, you can assess these abilities as part of each student's course grade. Show a student where their contributions excel and where they can improve with grades.
If your course uses the Original Course View, you can assign grades to forums and threads. In the Ultra Course View, you grade a student's overall discussion contributions.
You may find that assessing a student's discussion participation is ambiguous. How do you differentiate between a student who is active, but doesn't advance the discussion and student who speaks less frequently, but with greater impact?
Student interactions in discussions create a permanent record of participation. But before you begin, you need to have reasonable expectations about what an online discussion can accomplish. Due to the nature of the online environment, you may need more time for well-articulated points to emerge in discussions. Students need a practical number of discussion opportunities and timely and constructive responses regarding the quality of their contributions. Evaluation lets them know how they performed and can shape the improvement of future interactions.
Doesn't seem familiar? Jump to the "Ultra" help about creating a graded discussion.
You can assign discussion grades in a forum or thread. You can assign grades based on student participation, on the quality of their posts, or a combination of the two. You can create rubrics in advance and use them while grading forums and threads.
When you create or edit a forum, you can enable grading options. A column is created automatically in the Grade Center when you enable grading.
- Select Grade Discussion Forum and type a point value to evaluate participants on performance throughout a forum.
- If you want to evaluate participants on performance in each thread, select Grade Threads.
- Optionally, select the check box for Show participants in needs grading status and select the number of posts required to show participants in needs grading status. This setting shows the Needs Grading icon in the Grade Center after each student makes the specified number of posts. The posts are also placed in the queue on the Needs Grading page. If you select a grading option and do NOT select the check box, the Needs Grading icon doesn't appear in the Grade Center and posts don't appear on the Needs Grading page. In the Grade Center, students' attempts will appear with the In Progress icon when they post.
If you choose three posts from the list and a student submits two, the In Progress icon appears in the Grade Center cell and the discussion board until the specified number of posts is met.
Optionally, access the Add Rubric menu to choose a rubric.
Even if grades exist, you can disable grading for graded forums and threads.
- On the Edit Forum page, change the grading option to No Grading in Forum.
- Select Submit. If you already assigned grades for a forum or its threads, a warning message appears that states that all existing grades will be deleted. This action is final.
- Select OK to continue or select Cancel to preserve the Grade Center items.
If you choose to grade threads within a forum, you decide on a thread-by-thread basis whether to grade a thread. If you select the Grade Threads option, students can't create new threads.
- On the Create Thread page, select the Grade Thread check box and type the Points possible. You decide when posts go into needs grading status. Select the check box for Show participants in needs grading status and select the number of posts from the list.
- Select Submit.
- In the forum, the Grade Thread option appears in the thread's Grade column.
You can also enable thread grading directly from the thread list in a forum.
- Select Grade in a thread's Grade column.
- Type the Points possible.
- Select Submit. The Grade Thread option appears in a thread's Grade column.
Doesn't seem familiar? Jump to the "Ultra" help about grading discussions.
You can assign discussion grades to evaluate participants on performance throughout a forum. Only users with the role of manager or grader can assign grades for posts. Graders can't view their own work.
- In the forum where you enabled grading, select Grade Discussion Forum.
- On the Grade Discussion Forum Users page, select Grade in a student's row. The student's posts are counted in the Posts column.
- On the Grade Discussion Forum page, the student's posts for this forum appear. Because you can assign a forum grade based on multiple threads, all messages posted by a student are included for review. In the content frame, evaluate the currently selected student's posts. In the grading sidebar, type a grade. If you associated a rubric for this forum, expand and complete the rubric.
The grading sidebar contains these areas:
- Forum Statistics: View information about a student's posts, such as Total Posts, Date of Last Post, Average Post Length, and Average Post Position.
- Select the down-pointing arrow next to the current student's name to view a list and select a student with posts ready to grade. The selected student's posts appear in the content frame. Use the left- and right-pointing arrows to navigate to the previous or next student.
- Add a grade in the Grade field.
- In the Feedback text box, you can type feedback for the student. You can embed an audio/video recording of your feedback in the editor as you grade. In the Add Notes section, make notes that appear only to you—the forum manager—and the grader role. The two icons after the Feedback box let you access the editor and spell check.
- Select Print Preview to open the page in a new window in a printer-friendly format. Posts print in the order they appear on the page. To select which posts appear and in which order, you can filter and sort posts with the Filter option and the Sort By and Order options.
- To edit an existing grade, select the Grade box and change the grade.
- Select Submit to add the grade, feedback, and grading notes to the Grade Center. The grade appears on the Grade Discussion Forum Users page.
You can assign discussion grades to evaluate participants on performance in each thread.
- Open the forum containing a thread you want to grade.
- Switch to List View and select Grade Thread in the thread's row.
- On the Grade Discussion Thread Users page, select Grade in a student's row.
- Evaluate and grade the student's thread participation with the same steps used for grading forum participation.
While you assign grades, you can use the email tool in discussions to contact students.
- Open a forum or thread.
- On the Grade Discussion Thread Users page or the Grade Discussion Forum Users page, select the check boxes next to the students you want to email.
- Select Email.
- On the Email Forum User page, edit the Subject, if needed.
- Type a question or feedback in the Message box.
- Select Submit.
Unlike other graded group activities, when you set a group discussion board to graded, each member is graded independently of other group members. Each group member must make the designated number of posts to earn a grade. You don't assign a group grade for contributions to the group discussion board.
Doesn't seem familiar? Jump to the "Original" help about turning on discussion grading.
You can create discussions in two ways. You create discussions, both graded and ungraded, the same way.
- On the Course Content page, select the plus sign wherever you want to create a discussion. Then, select Create > Participation and Engagement > Discussion.
- Access the Discussions page inside your course from the navigation bar at the top of your course page. Select the plus sign and then select Discussion.
On the New Discussion page, type a name and description for your discussion so that students know what they should talk about. To make the discussion count for a grade, select the Discussion Settings icon to open the settings panel. In the Details & Info section, select the check box for Graded Discussion and more grade settings appear.
Set a participation deadline. Students can contribute and edit their posts as soon as you make the discussion available, but their submissions are made final on the date and time you specify. Students will still be able to view the discussion posts, but they won't be able to post to the discussion or edit their previous submissions after this date and time.
Time limit accommodations don't apply to discussions.
Choose the grade unit. You can choose points, percentage, or letter. If you choose points, specify the maximum number of points possible for the graded discussion.
You can also select the Display on the Course Content page check box to have this discussion appear in the same list as the other course materials.
Encourage original ideas. You can hide discussion activity from students until they post a response to your main topic. Discussion activity is revealed as soon as a student posts a response. Select Post First to help encourage students to develop their own thoughts and ideas in a discussion.
Add a rubric. You can assign a rubric to use when grading discussion posts. Select Add grading rubric to search for existing rubrics or create a new one. After you've assigned a rubric to the discussion, students can see the rubric before they respond. You may associate only one rubric to each discussion.
Add goals and standards. You and your institution can use goals to measure student achievement across programs and curriculums. When you create a discussion, you can align one or multiple goals. Select Align with goals to search for available goals to align with the discussion. After you make the discussion available, students can view information for the goals you align with the discussion so that they know your expectations.
Assign groups. You can grade a group discussion to make a student's contributions count toward their course grades. Grading a group discussion can help guide a student's ability to tactfully and clearly express personal views among a select group of peers.
Finished? Select Save. You can edit these grade settings until you start grading.
Remember to make your discussion visible to students so that they can contribute their ideas!
Students see the participation deadline for a graded discussion in the same places as other due dates or events. These notifications appear in the activity stream, global calendar, and the course calendar, in both the Schedule and Due Dates views.
Students with accommodations appear with an icon next to their names in the gradebook and roster. Students don't see the accommodations you've added. The icon also appears next to names in discussions. The due date accommodation is the only one that applies. The time limit accommodation doesn't apply.
The following unnarrated video provides a visual representation of some of the information included on this page. For a detailed description of what is portrayed in the video, open the video on YouTube, navigate to More actions, and select Open transcript.
Video: Graded Discussions shows how to enable grading for discussions and then grade your students' contributions.
Doesn't seem familiar? Jump to the "Original" help about grading a forum.
After students have posted their thoughts, you can assign grades. In graded discussions, grades are based on the student's total contributions, not each individual post.
Get started grading in multiple places:
- On the Discussion page, select Participation & Grades.
- Select the Grades icon in the navigation bar at the top of your course page and choose the graded discussion from the list.
- In the list where you name appears, select Grades. If new submissions exist, you see a notification. Select the number of new submissions to begin grading.
On the Participation & Grades page, select students' names to see their discussion activity. Students' contributions are highlighted on their submission pages.
View the discussion analysis to see an in-depth look at each student’s discussion participation, critical thinking level, and sentence complexity. These performance-based insights show you can help you determine which students who may need assistance or are out of the normal range of participation.
Type a grade and feedback for this student at the top of the page. Type a numeric value of no more than five digits. You can include two additional digits after a decimal point. The feedback icon appears next to the grade pill. Select the icon to open the feedback panel, which persists on the side of the screen. You can scroll through the discussion activity and add overall feedback. You can also embed an audio/video recording of your feedback in the editor as you grade. Students watch or listen to your feedback alongside any text you include.
When you're ready to post a grade, open the menu and select Post.
If you've assigned a rubric to the discussion, select the grade pill with the rubric icon to open the rubric panel. You can directly type a grade or select values from the rubric to add to the grade. You can post the grade from the Grades and Participation page.
You can also assign a grade in the gradebook. Select the item and then find the student's name in the submissions list. Type a grade for the student's contributions.
You can easily go back to the student's submissions if you use the grid view in the gradebook. Select the cell for a student's grade and an eye icon appears. Select this icon to see the contributions to the discussion, along with responses and replies.