In the discussion board, threads grow as users respond to the initial and subsequent posts. Replies build on one another to construct a conversation. As the number of posts grows, users can filter, sort, collect, and tag posts, if tagging is enabled.
To help students understand your expectations, establish discussion etiquette immediately. You can model proper online interaction and reinforce appropriate behavior with public recognition. In addition, you can provide specific guidelines:
- Use descriptive subject lines to make threads easy to follow and scan.
- Keep posts short and use uncomplicated language. Your audience is reading onscreen and may have several messages to read.
- Back up your statements when you agree or disagree with others.
- Use professional language, including proper grammar, in academic-related posts. No slang, emoticons, or chat acronyms allowed.
- Use attachments or links to websites for long, detailed information.
- Stay on topic. If you want to introduce a new tangent, find a suitable forum or start a new thread if it is allowed.
- Be respectful of other people's opinions and remember the golden rule—to treat others as you want to be treated.
For graded forums and threads, tell students specifically what you expect both in terms of quantity and quality of posts, and consider sharing some exemplary posts. You can also use rubrics to help students understand your objectives. By compiling your grading criteria in a rubric, you can provide students with clear performance standards and grade consistently.
How to Reply to a Thread
Users can reply to published threads, but cannot reply to locked or hidden threads.
- Access a forum and select a thread.
- On the thread's page, you can view the text of the post and information, such as the author and posted date. All replies appear on the same page with the parent post.
- For the first post, click Reply. Point to the post to see other functions such as Quote, Edit, Delete, and Email Author. The Quote function includes the post's text as part of your reply. For other posts on the page, point to the message and Reply and the other functions appear.
If you want to view only the unread posts in the thread, click the unread link on the action bar. The unread posts appear on one page.
- The page expands below the post you are responding to, allowing you to view the post and access the content editor.
- If needed, edit the Subject. Type your reply in the Message box.
Files uploaded by students are not saved to Course Files or the Content Collection.
- Alternatively, following the Message box, attach a file. Click Browse My Computer to upload a file from your computer. You can also upload a file from the course's storage repository:
- If Course Files is the course's storage repository, click Browse Course.
- If your institution licenses content management, click Browse Content Collection.
- Click Save Draft to store a draft of the post or click Submit to publish your reply.
On the thread page, your reply appears at the end of the list. If you attached a file, a paper clip icon appears next to the post's title. If you used the Insert/Edit Image function, the image appears with the text.
How to Rate Posts
You can use the discussion board for peer review. Students start threads and include their work in their initial posts. Other users review the work, assign a rating to the initial post, and include comments in a response.
Rating posts also allows users to focus on messages considered especially informative or useful by others. If you enabled rating, users can rate posts using a five star system. You can also rate posts.
In a forum's settings, you must enable Allow Members to Rate Posts.
- Access a forum and select a thread.
- On the thread's page, when you point to a thread's rating area, it changes to show Your Rating.
- Click one to five stars. You can add and delete stars at any time.
- Your rating is included in the Overall Rating—the combined rating of all users.
To Learn More
To learn more about tagging, see How to Tag Threads.
To learn more about rubrics, see Using Rubrics.
To learn more about locked or hidden threads, see How to Change a Thread's Status.
To learn more about rating posts, see How to Edit Forums.