Your institution controls which tools are available in the Original Course View. Tests are always available to instructors in the Ultra Course View, but anonymously submitted surveys aren't supported at this time.

With Matching questions, students pair items in one column to items in another column. The number of items in each column doesn’t have to be equal because you can reuse answers and add unmatched answer choices. Unmatched answer choices are distractors that don’t match any item and increase the question's difficulty. Some instructors use distractors so students can’t guess at answers by the process of elimination.

Example:

Match the animals to their diets.

Students match pig, lion, zebra, horse, and hedgehog to the answers: carnivore, omnivore, and herbivore.

In this example, students need to use some answers more than once.


Create a Matching question

Doesn't seem familiar? Jump to the "Ultra" help about creating Matching questions.

  1. Access a test, survey, or pool. From the Create Question menu, select Matching.
  2. Type the Question Text.
  3. Select Answer Numbering from the menu or leave the default.
  4. Select the Number of Questions from the menu. The default number of question items is 4 and the maximum is 100. If you want fewer than 4 question items, you can select Remove above a question's editor.
  5. Type question and answer pairs. You can reuse an answer from another pair. Below an answer field, select the check box: Reuse answer choice from and make a selection in the menu.
  6. Optionally, you can select Add unmatched answer choices and choose a number. Unmatched answer choices can increase the question's difficulty.
  7. For Answer Order, you can choose Randomly or manually press and drag answers to the positions you want them to appear.
  8. Optionally, type feedback for correct and incorrect answers.
  9. Select Submit and Create Another or Submit to add the question to the test.

Partial and negative credit

You can allow partial and negative credit for Matching questions. Partial credit rewards students whose answers demonstrate incomplete mastery of the material. You type the partial credit percentage for each answer. Use negative credit to discourage guessing. You can allow negative scores for incorrect answers and for the question.

You must enable the options to specify partial or negative credit on the Question Settings page to use them for individual questions. The option to allow negative scores won't appear unless you selected the option to allow partial credit.

More on partial and negative credit


ULTRA: About Matching questions

Doesn't seem familiar? Jump to the "Original" help about creating Matching questions.

With Matching questions, students pair items in the prompts column to items in the answers column. The number of items in each column doesn’t have to be equal because you can reuse answers and add additional answers. Additional answers are distractors that don’t match any of the prompts and increase the question's difficulty. Some instructors use distractors so students can’t guess at answers by the process of elimination.

Example:

Match the animals to their diets.

Students match the prompts: pig, lion, zebra, horse, and hedgehog to the answers: carnivore, omnivore, and herbivore.

In this example, students need to use some answers more than once. All answers appear in a random order to students.

Matching questions are graded automatically. If an assessment only has this type of question, the assessment scores are posted automatically for students to view. You choose the scoring option:

  • Allow partial credit
  • All or nothing
  • Subtract points for incorrect answers, but question score can't be negative
  • Allow negative question score

More on the scoring options


ULTRA: Watch a video about matching questions

The following narrated video provides a visual and auditory representation of some of the information included on this page. For a detailed description of what is portrayed in the video, open the video on YouTube, navigate to More actions, and select Open transcript.


Video: Matching questions explains how to create a matching question in assessments in the Ultra course view.


ULTRA: Create Matching questions

When you create a new test, select the plus sign to open the menu. In an existing test, select the plus sign wherever you want to add a question. Select Add Matching question.

Learn to navigate Ultra Matching questions with assistive technologies

The Test Content area opens.

You'll use the same process when you create questions in test and assignments.

Step 1: Add the instructions or question in the editor.

Step 2: Add prompts and answers.

  • You must have at least 1 prompt and 2 answers. The default fields in a new Matching question satisfy this requirement.
    • Add Pair: The maximum number of prompt and answer pairs is 100. You can reuse answers in pairs.
    • Add Answer: Additional answers don't match any prompts, and you can't reuse them. The maximum number of additional answers is 10.
  • You can add files, video, audio, and links to any field with an editor. Make a selection in the editor's options or Insert Content menu, such as Insert from Cloud Storage. You have limited editor functions for prompts and answers. For example, you can't add bullets or numbered lists.

More on cloud storage

You can use the options in the editor to format the text.

To use your keyboard to jump to the editor toolbar, press ALT + F10. On a Mac, press Fn + ALT + F10. Use the arrow keys to select an option, such as a numbered list.

Step 3: Choose the scoring option. You may want to add the scoring option to the question instructions.

Step 4: Questions have a default value of 10 points. Select the Points box to type a new value.

Step 5: Save the question.

  • Save is disabled until you add the question and at least 1 prompt with 2 answers. If you don't want to use the additional answer field, you need to have two pairs with answers.
  • Delete any empty fields, such as an empty pair you added or an empty additional answer, to enable the Save option. The Delete option isn't enabled next to the Additional answer 1 field until you create at least two pairs with answers.

Reuse an answer

You can use the same answer for more than one pair. You can't reuse an answer in an additional answer field.

Access the menu next to a pair's answer field and select Reuse an answer. Make a selection from the answers you previously added. When you reuse an answer, a message appears in the answer field: Reused answer from pair [number]. Select the X to remove the reused answer.

If you delete a pair with an answer you reused in one or more other pairs, the answer is also deleted from the affected pairs. If you start to edit an answer that's reused, you'll receive this message: This answer is reused. Changes will affect other pairs.

Scoring options

Matching questions are graded automatically based on the scoring option you choose:

  • Allow partial credit
  • All or nothing
  • Subtract points for incorrect answers, but question score can't be negative
  • Allow negative question score

You can change the scoring option, even after submissions exist. Grades will update.

Let students know which scoring option is used in the assessment instructions.

Partial credit. Students receive partial credit if they answer part of the question correctly. Pairs are equally weighted. You can't make one pair worth more than another pair.

All or nothing. Students must match all pairs correctly to receive full credit. One or more incorrect matches = 0 points.

Subtract points for incorrect answers, but question score can't be negative. You can choose to penalize students' incorrect matches to discourage guessing or empty answers. Pairs are equally weighted. You can't make one pair worth more than another pair. The question score can't be less than 0 points.

Allow a negative question score. Students earn points for each correct match and lose points for each incorrect match or empty answer. The total question score can equal less than 0.

Example:

A question has 5 pairs worth 2 points each for a total of 10 points. A student matches 2 pairs correctly:

The student earns 4 points for 2 correct matches and loses 6 points for 3 incorrect matches for a negative score of -2 for the question.


ULTRA: Add media to questions

You can add media to questions and answers. These media files types display inline across browsers:

  • Images: JPEG, GIF, and PNG
  • Audio: MP3, FLAC, and WAV
  • Video: MP4

For example, if you upload an MP4 video file to an answer, students have controls to play the video while they view the question. If you don’t see the option to display a media file inline, students have to download the file to view it.

When you choose to reuse an answer, the media files that display inline also appear for your selection.

More on adding text and files to questions

More on adding images and media to questions

Student view of media

Students can view media in answer choices and scroll through the list before they make selections. Videos that appear inline have controls to play and download. Media files that don't appear inline have a menu to preview or download. Students can select images to enlarge them.

Example in action: Student view of media on a desktop

Example in action: Student view of media on a small device


ULTRA: Add, edit, and delete questions

After you add the first question, select the plus sign wherever you want to add another question, type text, or upload a file. You can add as many text blocks and files as you want.

More on adding text and files

Before students open the assessment, access the menu to select Edit or Delete. To change the points, select the score pill and type a new value.

After students open the assessment, you can't add new questions, delete a question, move the content, edit the values, or change which answers are correct. You also can't add or remove prompts and answers, or reuse an answer from one pair for an existing answer. If you delete a reused answer, you can't reuse another answer. You can edit the text of a Matching question and change the scoring option, even after submissions exist. Grades will update.

Select Align with goal from the menu to align goals with individual assessment questions to help your institution measure achievement. After you make the assessment available, students can view information for the goals you align with assessments and questions so they know your expectations.

More on how to align goals with course content

Edit files within questions

You can edit settings for the files you've added to questions. Select the file in the editor and then select the Edit Attachment icon in the row of editor options. You can add a Display name and Alternative text. Alternative text describes the image for people who use screen readers or visit web pages with images turned off.

You can also choose whether to insert the file as a link in the editor or to embed the file directly so it appears inline with other content you've added.

More on editing tests and questions


ULTRA: Graded Matching questions

Matching questions are graded automatically. If an assessment only has this type of question, the assessment scores are posted automatically for students to view. Students see the graded question just as you do.

  1. The question's grade pill displays the points earned. Matches are scored based on the scoring option you chose. You can't change the scores of individual questions graded automatically.
  2. A summary of how many pairs were matched correctly appears above the prompts and answers.
  3. Correct matches appear with a check mark icon and have a green background.
  4. Incorrect matches appear with an X icon and have a light red background.

You can change the scoring option, even after submissions exist. Grades will update.


ULTRA: Matching questions and course conversion

In the Original Course View, you can add different percentages to each pair in a Matching question for scoring. For example, in your Original course, you can set pair 1 to be worth 30 percent and set every other pair at 10 percent. When you convert an Original course to an Ultra course, the percentages distribute equally.